Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs inside the ovary. When the follicles (sacs) in the ovaries do not rupture, they form small cysts called simple cysts. Dermoid cysts & chocholate cysts are other types of cysts. Large or pathological cysts can occur in about 5% of women during their reproductive years. Ovarian cysts are common, frequently asymptomatic and often resolve spontaneously.

Signs & Symptoms

  • Often asymptomatic.
  • Mild menstrual irregularity & vague pelvic pain.
  • Low abdominal swelling.
  • Pain if torsion, rupture or haemorrhage occurs.
  • Amenorrhoea, obesity & hirsuitism may be presenting symptom.
  • Occasional, dysparunia may be the presenting symptom.

Diagnosis

  • Ultrasound Pelvis
  • CA 125
  • Tumour markers – to detect ovarian tumors.
  • CE A

Minimal Access Surgeries for Ovarian Cysts

  • Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy
    Laparoscopic ovarian cyst excision is the procedure done to treat simple ovarian cysts. It is a safe procedure with laparoscopy & dosen’t need more than a day’s stay in the hospital, which is an advantage for young girls.
  • Laparoscopy Ovarian Drilling
    This is done in case of polycystic ovaries wherin the multiple cysts on the surface of the ovary are drilled.
  • Oopherectomy
    The removal of the ovary along with the pathological cyst. This is done when the cyst is big & involves whole of the ovary.
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