Erectile Dysfunction in Men – Causes, Diagnosis & Treatment

January 28, 2020

Erectile Dysfunction is a medical condition in which the male fails to maintain an erection firm enough to do sexual intercourse successfully. Erectile Dysfunction, also known as ED is a common problem and can happen due to several factors. While occasional ED is often encountered by men of all ages and is not of great concern, frequent ED must be reported to an expert and treatment should be sought. There can be underlying health problems that can cause erectile dysfunction. A person dealing with ED has to undergo a lot of emotional and mental trauma and hence medically should be sought as soon as possible.

Common causes of erectile dysfunction

Erection is a complete process and any problem with one of its states can cause erectile dysfunction. The penis erects when the blood flow increases in its vein. The reasons behind the increased blood flow can be physical touch, sensual touts, or participation in any other sensual activity.

A sexually aroused man’s penis muscles start relaxing which gives way to the blood to enter the artilleries which further fill the two chambers of the penis. These two chambers, when fully filled, cause the complete erection. Upon ejaculation, the muscles start contracting again and the blood starts flowing backward leaving the penis in a normal state.

A number of reasons can hamper this process, including:

  • cardiovascular disease
  • diabetes
  • hypertension
  • high cholesterol level
  • obesity
  • low testosterone levels
  • hormone imbalances
  • kidney disease
  • aging
  • stress
  • anxiety
  • depression
  • relationship problems
  • prescription medications
  • sleep disorders
  • drugs
  • alcohol
  • tobacco products
  • health conditions like Parkinson’s disease or multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • injury to the pelvic area
  • Previous surgery
  • Peyronie’s disease

One or a combination of many above stated reasons can be the cause of erectile dysfunction in a man.

Diagnosis of erectile dysfunction

Diagnosing ED involves a lot of steps and methods depending upon your sexual history and health condition. Some of the common methods used are:

Physical examination

The doctor would perform a physical examination to identify the problem. The doctor would check the heartbeat, lungs movement, as well as check your testicles and penis. A thorough prostate test would also be performed to check the internal functions.

Psychosocial history

The doctor would also ask you several personal questions revolving around your sexual history. The doctor would ask your frequency of sexual intercourse as well as how long have you been experiencing such a problem.

Misc. tests

In addition to the above, the doctor would also recommend you to undergo a few tests including ultrasound, Nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT) test, Injection test, Urine tests, and Blood tests.

Treatment for Erectile Dysfunction

At RG Stone Urology and Laparoscopy Hospital, we offer you a range of treatment options for Erectile Dysfunction. Depending upon the cause behind ED, the experts would offer you the right treatments including:


The doctor would suggest medicines to control the symptoms of ED. Some of the common medicines prescribed by the experts include:

  • avanafil (Stendra)
  • sildenafil (Viagra)
  • tadalafil (Cialis)
  • vardenafil (Levitra, Staxyn)

Talk Therapy

Many times, the reasons behind the ED can be psychological and can be treated effectively by talking to a specialist. These reasons include stress, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depression.

Vacuum pumps

The experts use a special vacuum to stimulate an erection. The vacuum encourages the blood flow to increase and enter the chambers, resulting in an erection.

At RG hospital, we offer you complete assistance and a reliable solution for your ED problem. You can confide in our expert doctors and let them diagnose the reasons for ED and offer you the best treatment.

Who We Are

RG Stone Urology & Laparoscopy Hospital is a leading healthcare service provider in Ludhiana. We are the largest chain of urology & laparoscopy hospitals in India with expertise in advanced urology and laparoscopic surgeries.

Contact Us

510-L, Model Town,
Ludhiana - 141002 (India)

Tel: +91-161-4618585, +91-161-4618686
Fax: +91-161-5022228

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